A State Level workshop was organized by Urban Development Department on 23.03.2019 at Himachal Pradesh Institute of Public Administration, Fairlawn, Shimla-12 for the representatives of Urban Local Bodies. The workshop was inaugurated by Worthy Chief Secretary, H.P. and Principal Secretary (UD) to the GoHP was Guest of Honour. The workshop was also attended by Member Secretary, HPPCB, Director, Environment, Director Rural Development Department, Director, T&CP, Director Tourism and officials from all the 54 Urban Local Bodies. The workshop was conducted to impart training to the ULB representatives and other stakeholders regarding new & emerging technologies in Solid Waste Management, best practices, case studies in SWM particularly in hilly areas across the country. The experts member from World Bank & Centre for Science and Environment, Delhi delivered their session in the workshop to apprise the ULBs about the latest situation of SWM across the country and innovative steps taken by some States on same.
During his inaugural address, worthy Chief Secretary apprised that the situation on ground is not satisfactory even after the 3 years of notification of SWM Rules, 2016. Hence, the Hon’ble National Green Tribunal intervened by conducting a Video Conference with all the States/UTs across the country and found that the States/UTs have not yet complied to the SWM Rules, 2016 or have only partially complied to the rules. Therefore, the Hon’ble Court initiated proceedings in O.A. No. 606/2018. In view of this he was asked to personally appear before the Hon’ble NGT on 05.03.2019 in which certain directions were issued such as:
- Atleast three major cities and three major towns in the State and atleast three Panchayats in every District may be notified on the website within two weeks from today as model cities/towns/villages which will be made fully compliant within next six months.
- The remaining cities, towns and Village Panchayats of the State may be made fully compliant in respect of environmental norms within one year.
- The District Magistrates or other Officers may be imparted requisite training.
- The District Magistrates may monitor the status of compliance of environmental norms, atleast once in two weeks.
- Performance audit of functioning of all regulatory bodies may be got conducted and remedial measures be taken, within six months.
- The issue of recovery of damages from the States for their failure to comply with the environmental norms, including the statutory rules and orders of this Tribunal, will be considered on the next date of hearing. The Tribunal may also consider the requirement of performance guarantee of a particular amount in case progress achieved is not found to be satisfactory.
The Principal Secretary (UD) to the Government of H.P. apprised that at very initial step that a ULB has to take for compliance of SWM Rules, 2016 is preparation of plan for their city/town incorporating the provisions of the rules. The plan should reflect the vision of the town hence should be prepared with due diligence.
The implementation of segregation of waste at source and collecting the garbage from the door step of the generators is one major step which leads to effective waste management. If a ULB fails at this stage, the entire waste management chain gets disturbed. Proper segregation of waste at source into 3 major parts i.e. biodegradable/wet waste, non-biodegradable/dry waste and household hazardous waste makes it feasible to treat the specific category of waste with specific treatment option.
The biodegradable waste can be utilized for composting/biogas production, the non-biodegradable waste can further be sorted into recyclable and non-recyclable. The recyclable can be channelized to recycling industry and non-recyclable waste having calorific value can be utilized for co-processing in cement industries.
Therefore, all the ULBs are directed to strictly comply to the provisions contained in SWM Rules, 2016 and adhere to the timelines given under these rules. No further lapse in the implementation of same shall be tolerated and action against concerned officials/staff will be initiated.
Director Urban Development directed all ULBs to start 100% segregation from 1st April, 2019. The biodegradable waste will be used for producing compost and non-biodegradable for recycling & making RDF. He further directed ULBs to launch intensive IEC campaign to sensitize general public for ensuring 100% segregation at source. All ULBs were directed to ensure segregation & handle waste as per SWM Rules, 2016.